Jing Chen, Madhavan Manivannan, Bhavishya Goel, and Miquel Pericàs. “JOSS: Joint Exploration of CPU-Memory DVFS and Task Scheduling for Energy Efficiency”. In Proceedings of the 52nd International Conference on Parallel Processing (ICPP ’23). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 828–838. https://doi.org/10.1145/3605573.3605586

Energy-efficient execution of task-based parallel applications is crucial as tasking is a widely supported feature in many parallel
programming libraries and runtimes. Currently, state-of-the-art proposals primarily rely on leveraging core asymmetry and CPU
DVFS. Additionally, these proposals mostly use heuristics and lack the ability to explore the trade-offs between energy usage and
performance. However, our findings demonstrate that focusing solely on CPU energy consumption for energy-efficient scheduling
while neglecting memory energy consumption leaves room for further energy savings. We propose JOSS, a runtime scheduling
framework that leverages both CPU DVFS and memory DVFS in conjunction with core asymmetry and task characteristics to enable
energy-efficient execution of task-based applications. JOSS also enables the exploration of energy and performance trade-offs by
supporting user-defined performance constraints. JOSS uses a set of models to predict task execution time, CPU and memory power consumption, and then selects the configuration for the tunable knobs to achieve the desired energy performance trade-off. Our evaluation shows that JOSS achieves 21.2% energy reduction, on average, compared to the state-of-the-art. Moreover, we demonstrate that even in the absence of a memory DVFS knob, taking energy consumption of both CPU and memory into account achieves better energy savings compared to only accounting for CPU energy. Furthermore, JOSS is able to adapt scheduling to reduce energy consumption while satisfying the desired performance constraints.

Download Here